Choose a topic for an explanation of the key reference

Becker, J. L., Milad, M. P., & Klock, S. C. (2006). Burnout, depression, and career satisfaction: cross-sectional study of obstetrics and gynecology residents. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 195(5), 1444-1449. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2006.06.075

Castelo-Branco, C., Figueras, F., Eixarch, E., Quereda, F., Cancelo, M. J., Gonzalez, S., & Balasch, J. (2007). Stress symptoms and burnout in obstetric and gynaecology residents. Bjog, 114(1), 94-98. doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2006.01155.x

Doolittle, B. R., Windish, D. M., & Seelig, C. B. (2013). Burnout, coping, and spirituality among internal medicine resident physicians. J Grad Med Educ, 5(2), 257-261. doi:10.4300/jgme-d-12-00136.1

Elmore, L. C., Jeffe, D. B., Jin, L., Awad, M. M., & Turnbull, I. R. (2016). National Survey of Burnout among US General Surgery Residents. J Am Coll Surg, 223(3), 440-451. doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2016.05.014

Linzer, M., Visser, M. R., Oort, F. J., Smets, E. M., McMurray, J. E., & de Haes, H. C. (2001). Predicting and preventing physician burnout: results from the United States and the Netherlands. Am J Med, 111(2), 170-175.

Lue, B. H., Chen, H. J., Wang, C. W., Cheng, Y., & Chen, M. C. (2010). Stress, personal characteristics and burnout among first postgraduate year residents: a nationwide study in Taiwan. Med Teach, 32(5), 400-407. doi:10.3109/01421590903437188

McCray, L. W., Cronholm, P. F., Bogner, H. R., Gallo, J. J., & Neill, R. A. (2008). Resident physician burnout: is there hope? Fam Med, 40(9), 626-632.

Pantaleoni, J. L., Augustine, E. M., Sourkes, B. M., & Bachrach, L. K. (2014). Burnout in pediatric residents over a 2-year period: a longitudinal study. Acad Pediatr, 14(2), 167-172. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2013.12.001

Shanafelt, T. D., Bradley, K. A., Wipf, J. E., & Back, A. L. (2002). Burnout and self-reported patient care in an internal medicine residency program. Ann Intern Med, 136(5), 358-367.

Spickard, A., Jr., Gabbe, S. G., & Christensen, J. F. (2002). Mid-career burnout in generalist and specialist physicians. JAMA, 288(12), 1447-1450.

Starmer, A. J., Frintner, M. P., & Freed, G. L. (2016). Work-Life Balance, Burnout, and Satisfaction of Early Career Pediatricians. Pediatrics. doi:10.1542/peds.2015-3183

The Lancet Respiratory, M. Burnout syndrome in the ICU— a sign of the times? The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 4(8), 593. doi:10.1016/S2213-2600(16)30192-8

Thomas, N. K. (2004). Resident burnout. JAMA, 292(23), 2880-2889. doi:10.1001/jama.292.23.2880

Dyrbye, L. N., Power, D. V., Massie, F. S., Eacker, A., Harper, W., Thomas, M. R., . . . Shanafelt, T. D. (2010). Factors associated with resilience to and recovery from burnout: a prospective, multi-institutional study of US medical students. Med Educ, 44(10), 1016-1026. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03754.x

Epstein, R. M., & Krasner, M. S. (2013). Physician resilience: what it means, why it matters, and how to promote it. Acad Med, 88(3), 301-303. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e318280cff0

Montero-Marin, J., Tops, M., Manzanera, R., Piva Demarzo, M. M., Álvarez de Mon, M., & Garcia Campayo, J. (2015). Mindfulness, resilience, and burnout subtypes in primary care physicians: the possible mediating role of positive and negative affect. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01895

Olson, K., Kemper, K. J., & Mahan, J. D. (2015). What factors promote resilience and protect against burnout in first-year pediatric and medicine-pediatric residents? J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med, 20(3), 192-198. doi:10.1177/2156587214568894

Ahmed, N., Devitt, K. S., Keshet, I., Spicer, J., Imrie, K., Feldman, L., . . . Rutka, J. (2014). A systematic review of the effects of resident duty hour restrictions in surgery: impact on resident wellness, training, and patient outcomes. Ann Surg, 259(6), 1041-1053. doi:10.1097/sla.0000000000000595

Ludmerer, K. M. (2009). Resident burnout: working hours or working conditions? J Grad Med Educ, 1(2), 169-171. doi:10.4300/jgme-d-09-00077.1

Oakley, S. H., Estanol, M. V., Westermann, L. B., Crisp, C. C., Kleeman, S. D., & Pauls, R. N. (2014). Resident burnout after the 2011 accreditation council for graduate medical education duty-hour restrictions: a cross-sectional survey study. Obstet Gynecol, 123 Suppl 1, 117s-118s. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000447069.63200.d8

Schumacher, D. J., Frintner, M. P., Winn, A., & Cull, W. (2015). Graduating Pediatrics Residents’ Reports on the Impact of Fatigue Over the Past Decade of Duty Hour Changes. Acad Pediatr, 15(4), 362-366. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2014.10.005

Allexandre, D., Bernstein, A. M., Walker, E., Hunter, J., Roizen, M. F., & Morledge, T. J. (2016). A Web-Based Mindfulness Stress Management Program in a Corporate Call Center: A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Added Benefit of Onsite Group Support. J Occup Environ Med, 58(3), 254-264. doi:10.1097/jom.0000000000000680

Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Hopkins, J., Krietemeyer, J., & Toney, L. (2006). Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment, 13(1), 27-45. doi:10.1177/1073191105283504

Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., Lykins, E., Button, D., Krietemeyer, J., Sauer, S., . . . Williams, J. M. (2008). Construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire in meditating and nonmeditating samples. Assessment, 15(3), 329-342. doi:10.1177/1073191107313003

Dobkin, P. L. (2008). Mindfulness-based stress reduction: What processes are at work? Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 14(1), 8-16. doi:

Fortney, L., Luchterhand, C., Zakletskaia, L., Zgierska, A., & Rakel, D. (2013). Abbreviated mindfulness intervention for job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion in primary care clinicians: a pilot study. Ann Fam Med, 11(5), 412-420. doi:10.1370/afm.1511

Irving, J. A., Dobkin, P. L., & Park, J. (2009). Cultivating mindfulness in health care professionals: a review of empirical studies of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Complement Ther Clin Pract, 15(2), 61-66. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2009.01.002

Jha, A. P., Morrison, A. B., Parker, S. C., & Stanley, E. A. (2016). Practice Is Protective: Mindfulness Training Promotes Cognitive Resilience in High-Stress Cohorts. Mindfulness, 1-13. doi:10.1007/s12671-015-0465-9

Kemper, K. J. (2016). Brief Online Mindfulness Training: Immediate Impact. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. doi:10.1177/2156587216639199

Krasner, M. S., Epstein, R. M., Beckman, H., Suchman, A. L., Chapman, B., Mooney, C. J., & Quill, T. E. (2009). Association of an educational program in mindful communication with burnout, empathy, and attitudes among primary care physicians. JAMA, 302(12), 1284-1293. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1384

Pidgeon, A. M., Ford, L., & Klaassen, F. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of enhancing resilience in human service professionals using a retreat-based Mindfulness with Metta Training Program: a randomised control trial. Psychol Health Med, 19(3), 355-364. doi:10.1080/13548506.2013.806815

Schroeder, D. A., Stephens, E., Colgan, D., Hunsinger, M., Rubin, D., & Christopher, M. S. (2016). A Brief Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Primary Care Physicians: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. American Journal of lifestyles medicine.

Shonin, E., Gordon, W. V., & Griffiths, M. D. (2015). Does mindfulness work? Bmj, 351, h6919. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6919

Charon, R. (2001). The patient-physician relationship. Narrative medicine: a model for empathy, reflection, profession, and trust. JAMA, 286(15), 1897-1902.

Schmitz et al., 2012; van Wyk & Pillay-Van Wyk, (2010)

Levey, R. E. (2001). Sources of stress for residents and recommendations for programs to assist them. Acad Med, 76(2), 142-150.

Satterfield, J. M., & Becerra, C. (2010). Developmental challenges, stressors and coping strategies in medical residents: a qualitative analysis of support groups. Med Educ, 44(9), 908-916. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03736.x

Schmitz, G. R., Clark, M., Heron, S., Sanson, T., Kuhn, G., Bourne, C., . . . Coomes, J. (2012). Strategies for coping with stress in emergency medicine: Early education is vital. J Emerg Trauma Shock, 5(1), 64-69. doi:10.4103/0974-2700.93117

van Wyk, B. E., & Pillay-Van Wyk, V. (2010). Preventive staff-support interventions for health workers. Cochrane Database Syst Rev(3), Cd003541. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003541.pub2

Carvour, M. L., Ayyar, B. K., Chien, K. S., Ramirez, N. C., & Yamamoto, H. (2016). A Patient-Centered Approach to Postgraduate Trainee Health and Wellness: An Applied Review and Health Care Delivery Model. Acad Med. doi:10.1097/acm.0000000000001301

Eckleberry-Hunt, J., Lick, D., Boura, J., Hunt, R., Balasubramaniam, M., Mulhem, E., & Fisher, C. (2009). An exploratory study of resident burnout and wellness. Acad Med, 84(2), 269-277. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181938a45

Eckleberry-Hunt, J., Van Dyke, A., Lick, D., & Tucciarone, J. (2009). Changing the Conversation From Burnout to Wellness: Physician Well-being in Residency Training Programs. J Grad Med Educ, 1(2), 225-230. doi:10.4300/jgme-d-09-00026.1

Ey, S., Moffit, M., Kinzie, J. M., Choi, D., & Girard, D. E. (2013). “If you build it, they will come”: attitudes of medical residents and fellows about seeking services in a resident wellness program. J Grad Med Educ, 5(3), 486-492. doi:10.4300/jgme-d-12-00048.1

Gardiner, P., Filippelli, A. C., Lebensohn, P., & Bonakdar, R. (2015). The incorporation of stress management programming into family medicine residencies-results of a national survey of residency directors: a CERA study. Fam Med, 47(4), 272-278.

Jennings, M. L., & Slavin, S. J. (2015). Resident Wellness Matters: Optimizing Resident Education and Wellness Through the Learning Environment. Acad Med, 90(9), 1246-1250. doi:10.1097/acm.0000000000000842

Lebensohn, P., Dodds, S., Benn, R., Brooks, A. J., Birch, M., Cook, P., . . . Maizes, V. (2013). Resident wellness behaviors: relationship to stress, depression, and burnout. Fam Med, 45(8), 541-549.

Lefebvre, D. C. (2012). Perspective: Resident physician wellness: a new hope. Acad Med, 87(5), 598-602. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e31824d47ff

McClafferty, H. B., O.W., Section on Integrative Medicine and Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine. (2014). Physician Health and Wellness. Pediatrics, 134(830). doi:10.1542/peds.2014-2278

Saadat, H., Snow, D. L., Ottenheimer, S., Dai, F., & Kain, Z. N. (2012). Wellness program for anesthesiology residents: a randomized, controlled trial. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 56(9), 1130-1138. doi:10.1111/j.1399-6576.2012.02705.x

Wallace, J. E., Lemaire, J. B., & Ghali, W. A. (2009). Physician wellness: a missing quality indicator. Lancet, 374(9702), 1714-1721. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(09)61424-0

West, C. P., Dyrbye, L. N., Rabatin, J. T., Call, T. G., Davidson, J. H., Multari, A., . . . Shanafelt, T. D. (2014). Intervention to promote physician well-being, job satisfaction, and professionalism: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med, 174(4), 527-533. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.14387

Rosen, I. M., Gimotty, P. A., Shea, J. A., & Bellini, L. M. (2006). Evolution of sleep quantity, sleep deprivation, mood disturbances, empathy, and burnout among interns. Acad Med, 81(1), 82-85.

Glaser, K. M., Markham, F. W., Adler, H. M., McManus, P. R., & Hojat, M. (2007). Relationships between scores on the Jefferson Scale of physician empathy, patient perceptions of physician empathy, and humanistic approaches to patient care: a validity study. Med Sci Monit, 13(7), Cr291-294.

Hojat, M., Gonnella, J. S., Nasca, T. J., Mangione, S., Vergare, M., & Magee, M. (2002). Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty. Am J Psychiatry, 159(9), 1563-1569.

Mangione, S., Kane, G. C., Caruso, J. W., Gonnella, J. S., Nasca, T. J., & Hojat, M. (2002). Assessment of empathy in different years of internal medicine training. Med Teach, 24(4), 370-373. doi:10.1080/01421590220145725

Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Allen, A. B., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. J Pers Soc Psychol, 92(5), 887-904. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887

N, R., & KJ, K. (2016). Online Training in Specific Meditation Practices Improves Gratitude, Well-Being, Self-Compassion, and Confidence in Providing Compassionate Care Among Health Professionals. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine.

Rao, N., & Kemper, K. J. (2016). The Feasibility and Effectiveness of Online Guided Imagery Training for Health Professionals. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. doi:10.1177/2156587216631903

Satterfield, J., Swenson, S., & Rabow, M. (2009). Emotional Intelligence in Internal Medicine Residents: Educational Implications for Clinical Performance and Burnout. Ann Behav Sci Med Educ, 14(2), 65-68.

Webb, A. R., Young, R. A., & Baumer, J. G. (2010). Emotional Intelligence and the ACGME Competencies. J Grad Med Educ, 2(4), 508-512. doi:10.4300/jgme-d-10-00080.1